Difference between revisions of "Linux text editing"

From Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology - University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
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= Linux Text Editing  =
 
= Linux Text Editing  =
  
=== Create a text file using vi ===
+
=== Create a text file using vi ===
  
 
*To create a file called foo.txt (or edit a file called foo.txt):
 
*To create a file called foo.txt (or edit a file called foo.txt):
 
<pre>vi foo.txt
 
<pre>vi foo.txt
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
*This will also start the vi editor and you should see a blank screen.  
+
*This will start the vi editor and you should see a blank screen.  
 
*To switch vi into text insertion mode simply type ''':i''' and hit '''Enter'''  
 
*To switch vi into text insertion mode simply type ''':i''' and hit '''Enter'''  
 
*You should now see '''-- INSERT --''' at the bottom of the screen which means vi is ready to accept text  
 
*You should now see '''-- INSERT --''' at the bottom of the screen which means vi is ready to accept text  
 
*Now simply type in what ever text you would like just like you would on a normal text editor.  
 
*Now simply type in what ever text you would like just like you would on a normal text editor.  
 
*once you are done hit '''Esc''' on the keyboard and vi should leave text insertion mode.  
 
*once you are done hit '''Esc''' on the keyboard and vi should leave text insertion mode.  
*To save the file type ''':wq''' this will write to the file foo.txt and quit vi.
+
*To save the file type ''':wq''' this will write to the file foo.txt and quit vi.  
 
*To edit the file simply follow the same procedure
 
*To edit the file simply follow the same procedure
 +
 +
=== Create a text file using nano ===
 +
 +
* To create a file called foo.txt (or edit a file called foo.txt):
 +
<pre>
 +
nano foo.txt
 +
</pre>
 +
* This will start nano and you can simply start typing.
 +
* Once you are done click '''Ctrl + O''' to write the file
 +
* Type in the file name or keep it the same and hit '''Enter'''
 +
* To quit nano click '''Ctrl + X'''
 +
* All of the nano commands are available at the bottom of the editor '''^''' means Ctrl.

Revision as of 08:20, 20 September 2012

Linux Text Editing[edit]

Create a text file using vi[edit]

  • To create a file called foo.txt (or edit a file called foo.txt):
vi foo.txt
  • This will start the vi editor and you should see a blank screen.
  • To switch vi into text insertion mode simply type :i and hit Enter
  • You should now see -- INSERT -- at the bottom of the screen which means vi is ready to accept text
  • Now simply type in what ever text you would like just like you would on a normal text editor.
  • once you are done hit Esc on the keyboard and vi should leave text insertion mode.
  • To save the file type :wq this will write to the file foo.txt and quit vi.
  • To edit the file simply follow the same procedure

Create a text file using nano[edit]

  • To create a file called foo.txt (or edit a file called foo.txt):
nano foo.txt
  • This will start nano and you can simply start typing.
  • Once you are done click Ctrl + O to write the file
  • Type in the file name or keep it the same and hit Enter
  • To quit nano click Ctrl + X
  • All of the nano commands are available at the bottom of the editor ^ means Ctrl.